Independence Day Of India 2020.

Independence Day Of India 2020.

Every yr on August 15, the Indian nation celebrates its Independence Day with great pride and enthusiasm. It is the day on which in 1947, the British transferred political energy to the Indians after nearly 200 years of imperial rule over the country.

ndependence Day Of India 2020

This day is remembered as the day on which India shook the chains of bondage and made a passage to freedom after a long period of fighting and sacrifice of thousands of freedom fighters.

As we celebrate this national day, it may additionally be of interest to many to know how it all started.

It was precisely 400 years ago in 1608 that the British tryst with India began.

Though the Portuguese had arrived in India a century and a decade beforehand (1498), it was the British who eventually dominated the history of India.

The East India Company fashioned by a group of merchants received a Charter from the British Queen Elizabeth I in 1600 for exclusive trade with India.

After the arrival of the first ship of the Company at Surat in 1608, the British obtained permission from the Mughal Emperor to set up trade settlements at Surat and other parts of the Mughal Empire.

From a humble commencing the East India Company's trade and commerce began to multiply and the Company established countless trading posts in various parts of India mainly on the east and west coast including Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.

Indian manufactured goods and spices to Europe and making huge earnings by their sale in England and other European countries.

Meanwhile, the gradual collapse of the Mughal Empire and the emergence of regional rulers and their mutual rivalries drew the East India Company in the vortex of the strength struggle in India.

The French who had arrived in India during the later part of the seventeenth century grew to become trade and political rivals of the British, who eventually misplaced their race.

The British military success in the Battle of Plassey (1757) towards the Nawab of Bengal marked the beginning of the imperial ambition of the East India Company.

Under successive Governors General British territorial expansion was completed with ruthless efficiency.

Finally, the conquest of Sindh and subjugation of the Sikhs led to the political domination of the East India Company over the whole Indian subcontinent.

The rule of the East India Company for a century had adversely affected practically every area of the Indian society.

The British cannot be absolved of their responsibility in ruining India's financial structure. While their land revenue policy ruined the peasants and drove them to poverty and misery, their commercial coverage proved disastrous to Indian industries especially the textile manufacturers.

Following the Industrial Revolution in England, the British authorities converted India into a massive market for their manufactured goods and a source of raw materials. The internet result of the British economic policies in India was once the drain of huge amount of wealth from India to England.

On the other hand the British rule over India had some fine results. They established the principle of equality before the regulation and the rule of law. They also established a hierarchy of law courts and drafted the Indian Penal Code.


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